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Xizhou Li's Residence / Studio MOR thumbnail

Xizhou Li’s Residence / Studio MOR

Xizhou Li’s Residence / Studio MOR

Xizhou Li's Residence / Studio MOR, © Yan Zhang

© Yan Zhang


© Yan Zhang


© Yan Zhang


© Yan Zhang


© Yan Zhang






+ 26



  • Architects

  • Location

    Xizhou, Xiangshan, Zhejiang Province, China

  • Category

  • Lead Architect

    Le Li

  • Client

    Anjun Li, Shixiang Zhou

  • Area

    258.0 m2

  • Project Year

    2017

  • Photographs

  • Manufacturers

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    © Yan Zhang

    © Yan Zhang

    Text description provided by the architects. The site is located near the main intersection of Xizhou Town; right in front of a triangle-shaped park attached to a small parking lot. There are village roads on the north and south side of the house, neighbor’s building on the east side, and open space on the west. The open space on the west side interestingly formed a semi-public courtyard with a well in the center, where villagers often drop by to do their daily washing.


    © Yan Zhang

    © Yan Zhang


    © Yan Zhang

    © Yan Zhang

    The building is not only designed for residential use, but also includes the function of a Laundry Shop that my family has run for years. The Laundry Shop is on the north side of the ground flooring, facing the triangle-shaped park. You can get a clear view of the façade and its structure from the park in front. The west and south side of the house are both receded from the boundary. The receded gray space is filled with garden and a balcony, to create a gentle interaction with the neighbors.


    © Yan Zhang

    © Yan Zhang


    Section A

    Section A

    Kitchen and foyer are located on the ground floor to form a casual gathering place for both the family and visitors from the neighborhood. Living room, tea room, and balcony/garden are interconnected as a large open space on the 2nd floor. Settle changes are applied on both the ceiling height and floor level to imply the change of function and compose a sense of ambiguity. Space becomes more private towards the top floor, where guestroom and bedrooms are located.


    © Yan Zhang

    © Yan Zhang

    The use of material also embodies a sense of ambiguity; white paint, brick walls, various marble stones, Corian, matte and polished tiles, mosaic tiles, bluestone slabs, metal plates, and aluminum; all in different textures. Wood material selection are, Walnut, Cherry, Lapacho, Fir, Pine, etc; different finish colors but similar texture. There are few metal objects placed throughout the house to enhance a paradoxical state; such as: railings, lightings and handles.


    © Yutian Zhang

    © Yutian Zhang


    © Yan Zhang

    © Yan Zhang

    For this particular project, all contractors are sourced locally to ensure that they can apply familiar skills, on the other hand they can also practice various construction skills at the same location to enhance diversity and inclusiveness.


    © Yan Zhang

    © Yan Zhang

    View the complete gallery

    Project location

    Location to be used only as a reference. It could indicate city/country but not exact address.

    Cite: “Xizhou Li’s Residence / Studio MOR” 28 Jul 2019. ArchDaily. Accessed .

    想阅读文章的中文版本吗?

    © Yan Zhang

    西周李宅 / Studio MOR


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    aulets arquitectes restores mallorca heritage building for the study of wine thumbnail

    aulets arquitectes restores mallorca heritage building for the study of wine

    aulets arquitectes presents the restoration of a derelict heritage building in felanitx, mallorca, programed for the science and study of wine. the new ‘felanitx oenological station,’ occupies a former residence dating back to the early twentieth century. the proposal is defined by three actions: to make use of the pre-existing structure in a way that showcases the original structural elements and materials, to work with local builders and craftsmen, and to contextualize the building within the world of wine. the inception of the project comprised of the preservation of the salvageable elements, such as masonry walls, the stairs, both the interior and exterior handrails and an original concrete basin. these elements served as a foundation which defined and configured the interior, characterized by expressive brickwork, without alteration nor the addition of elements that undermine them.

    aulets felanitx wine

    all images by josé hevia

    in the design of the felanitx oenological wine station, aulets arquitectes integrated materials which serve to reinforce the presence of the pre-existing ruin. the exterior facades together with interior door and window thresholds are finished in a locally sourced lime mortar, reflective of the original rough stone surfaces. a new concrete slab and wooden roof are supported by the thick masonry walls. ceramic thermal blocks with integrated bottle racks generate new vertical elements, such as the elevator shafts, bathroom, and furniture elements. the roof is both ventilated and insulated with a thick sheet of cork, allowing the building a good performance in response to the demands of the extreme climate conditions in summer and winter. the project makes use of recycled and modified materials, such as the original windows.

    aulets felanitx wine

    the felanitx building originally housed a vineyard in its rear yard which was used to study the attributes of the different varieties of grapes and wine. the intervention aims to express the recovery of the site’s oenological origins with the reintroduction of a small vineyard surrounding the building, generating a wine-making landscape both inside and out. the entry of the building is situated beneath a metal pergola made of the same rebar material as the framework of the vineyards. this metallic structure penetrates the building as a framing for hanging light fixtures. to achieve this effect the concrete beams are installed upside down, exposing this metallic latticework in a way that allows the lights — and vines — to hang. the design team comments on the detail: ‘suddenly the vineyard floor is under the building’s roof.’

    aulets felanitx wine aulets felanitx wine aulets felanitx wine aulets felanitx wine aulets felanitx wine aulets felanitx wine aulets felanitx wine aulets felanitx wine aulets felanitx wine aulets felanitx wine aulets felanitx wine aulets felanitx wine

    project info:

    project name: reform of oenological station

    architecture: aulets arquitectes

    location: felanitx, mallorca, españa

    structural engineer: alfons romero

    client: ajuntament de felanitx

    collaborators: ernest bordoy, lluis martorell

    construction: construcciones marín

    built area: 230 m2

    project date: 2017

    photography: josé hevia

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    GitHub intern project: Building courses on full stack development thumbnail

    GitHub intern project: Building courses on full stack development

    The GitHub Internship Program welcomes its summer 2019 students as we celebrate four years. After 5,000 applicants and a tremendous amount of planning, our interns are here and ready to tell you about their experiences with all things GitHub. In this blog series, students share their insight about using the GitHub Student Developer Pack, working with GitHub Learning Lab, and more. Check out the series and come back for more intern posts.


    Parth Shah is a student at UC Berkeley, a teacher of computer science in the East Bay, and the recipient of the 2018 National Student Teacher of the Year award. In this post, Parth details his experience with building a learning pathway for full stack development for Learning Lab as part of his course architect internship at GitHub.

    From learning to teaching computer science

    In college, I realized that I wanted to do more than learn computer science—I also wanted to teach it. I completed a teaching credential program that allowed me to teach part-time at high schools in the East Bay. That teaching experience directly inspired my intern project. This summer, I wanted to build courses that would help learners understand the basics of full stack development, give them employable skills, and allow them to better engage with the GitHub platform. 

    From my own college experience, I know that many students are interested in learning about web development. Front-end and back-end development are usually taught separately, and I wanted to develop an end-to-end curriculum that would cover both types of material. As a result, I decided to build a full stack development learning path consisting of two courses, one on React and the other on Express and PostgreSQL. In these courses, students learn the material and then apply their newfound knowledge by building a full stack project from front to back. Building these courses was also the perfect way for me to try out the new course builder UI.

    Building a learning pathway for full stack development

    After determining the material I wanted to cover, I had to learn about my target audience. From meeting with members of the Education Team and Campus Experts, I decided that the audience for my courses should be those with basic coding experience. Since a majority of full stack courses are geared towards new learners, I wanted to fulfill a need that wasn’t being adequately met. 

    To create both courses, I used the new course builder. The course builder made it easy for me to choose what actions I should take when the learner does something in my course. I also used it to validate my config.yaml file, which saved a lot of time. It was a really great experience to be one of the first testers of the course builder and to provide feedback to improve the course authoring experience.

    GitHub Learning Lab is structured around project-based learning, so I needed to create a project for students to build. I decided that the end goal of the courses would be for the students to build a single page gradebook web application. They would need to create functionality to add assignments, students, and grades. This application was simple, but it also addressed many important learning standards. I wanted to challenge the learner, but at the same time, I didn’t want to discourage them. In the React course, students would create the entire frontend, while the Express and PostgreSQL courses would teach them to create the API and add a database.

    While building the courses, I also had to consider the different ways a student might make an error. Since I wouldn’t be interacting with these students face-to-face to help them debug, I had to figure out how to best integrate feedback into the course so anyone could move on, even if they made a mistake. In my own classroom experience, visualization has been a great tool in providing clarity to my students, and I applied that to the courses I made for Learning Lab by including clear visuals and concrete explanations of concepts. 

    Takeaways from the summer

    This summer, I gained new insight into developer education. I was able to witness firsthand how education technology like Learning Lab can benefit people who have never coded before and also help students and developers who are continuing to learn how to code. 

    This internship also helped me further hone my abilities as an educator. By building courses on Learning Lab and working with fellow GitHub Team members, I learned how to create a course that flows smoothly and naturally. In the past, I’ve worked on creating a curriculum as a component of a course, but I’ve never had the opportunity to design a full course flow. As I continue to build new courses in the future, I can apply the tools and knowledge I gained this summer to create engaging and interactive content that will hopefully make programming more accessible to students and new developers.

    Get started with Learning Lab

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    Moon 2069: lunar tourism and deep space launches a century on from Apollo? - MENAFN.COM thumbnail

    Moon 2069: lunar tourism and deep space launches a century on from Apollo? – MENAFN.COM

    (MENAFN – The Conversation) We’ve just celebrated the50th anniversary of the first moon landing , glorying in the achievements of three astronauts and the team of engineers and scientists behind them. From that perspective, we can look back and see what we have learned from the mission. But what if we take a giant leap forward in time and look back at the legacy of Apollo from 2069 – a century after the historic event?

    It was thanks to the rocks collected by the Apollo astronautsthat scientists could work outthe age of the moon, its evolutionary history and how the Earth and other planets evolved. Continued study of the samples, complemented with new information from orbiting spacecraft, also showed that the moon was not the dry and desiccated body we had thought.

    To the moon and beyond is a new podcast series from The Conversation marking the 50th anniversary of the moon landings and looking ahead to the future of space exploration and the moon’s place within it.Listen and subscribe here .






    Lunar rock.

    NASA/Arizona State University, Tom Story

    Rather, the moonhas abundant water reservoirs , stored as ice below its surface and in shadowed craters at the poles. There’s also water locked within specific minerals and absorbed into the lunar soil from impacts of tiny meteorites.

    This finding led to a resurgence in the idea of the moonas a starting pointfor exploration of the further reaches of the solar system. That’s because water can also be used as a fuel. If you separate the hydrogen and the oxygen that make up water, you can then let the two gases react with each other – this is essentially what goes on in a rocket engine. The oxygen can also be used to provide breathable air for astronauts, opening up new opportunities for habitation and long-distance space travel alike.

    But how do you extract these gases from water ice? The moon’s permanently shadowed regions are close to areas that are sunlit for more than 80% of the time. If the sunlight could be harvested using solar panels, sufficient energycould be generated for electrolysis– chemical decomposition splitting the extracted water into pure hydrogen and oxygen by passing an electric current through a liquid or solution.

    Current plans

    Today, discussions about lunar exploration have moved away from establishment of a permanent lunar base as a preliminary for extended exploration. Instead, there has been a significant advance in planning the construction of the Deep Space Gateway – a space station in orbit around the moon. This is aninternational projectbetween a number of different space agencies.

    Commercial companies are also playing an important role in this project, which is much more than an extension of the International Space Station. The spacecraft will be a hub of scientific and engineering activity. It will be serviced by theOrion moduleand will act as a test bed for astronauts preparing for longer duration missions, such as to Mars. Missions could also eventually be launched from there, saving money on fuel as the rockets won’t have to make it through the Earth’s enormous gravity.

    The experiments scientists could do there – such as monitoring the external environment of the moon, including radiation levels – would certainly help prepare us to send missions to Mars and beyond. And testing the physiology of astronauts in a low gravity environment would not only be of use for planning future space missions, but may also lead to the development of medical interventions to alleviate the effects of ageing.

    Different space agencies have separate visions for how lunar exploration could progress, with varying levels of detail published. NASA’s programme of lunar exploration is based on using the gateway to facilitate aregular series of visitsto the moon by astronauts. The European Space Agencyhas a similar set of objectivesand is working closely with Russia’s RosCosmos todrill at the lunar south poleand with Japan’s JAXAto return samplesfrom the moon.

    Resources available on the moon’s surface include metals from the lunar soil (especially titanium) and solar energy to provide power. This could eventually enable infrastructure to be built, allowing humans to create an actual lunar base soon – even though plans are now focussing on getting the gateway done first. One exciting possibility that is actively being explored is the idea of a lunar base built from modules that are3D printed on the lunar surfaceusing fuel extracted from the lunar soil as an energy source and building material.

    Most likely scenario

    Between 1969 and 1972, 12 men landed on the moon, spending, in total, just over three days exploring the lunar surface. They planted the flag of a single nation, collected rocks and undertook a few simple experiments. Between 2019 and 2069, what might we actually hope to see? A permanent, international lunar base on the moon’s surface, surrounded by flags of all the nations involved, would certainly be possible.


    Read more:

    How to build a moon base

    There would have to berefreshed space lawto make this possible though, including a specificLunar Treatyreinforcing the idea that only peaceful use of the moon is permitted, that international cooperation is paramount and commercial exploitation of resources forbidden. Currently, the legal framework iscontradictory and confusing .

    There would most likely be a changing roster of (male and female) astronauts of all nationalities in continuous occupation of this base. They would be not be ‘astronauts’ per se though. They would be scientists undertaking experiments and collecting data from instruments based on the moon (including the far side) as well as engineers designing, building and maintaining infrastructure for further exploration, plus ancillary support staff. A regular shuttle service would operate between the lunar surface and the Deep Space Gateway and also between Earth and the Deep Space Gateway, for personnel and resources.






    Lunar base concept.

    NASA

    It is likely that the tourist trade will be burgeoning, necessitating a transport infrastructure on the lunar surface, plus a hotel, with its attendant caterers, cleaners, tour guides and so forth.

    All this activity would require a spaceport, not just for transfers between the Earth and the moon, but also for spacecraft using the moon as a launchpad for exploring further afield. Indeed, by 2069, we could be seeing the start of regular journeys to Mars.

    This will be too late for me: by 2069, my travelling days will be over – I will be 111 years old. But maybe if the medical benefits from occupation of the moon are transferred into terrestrial health services, I might still be sufficiently alert to receive messages from my grandson and his family as they holiday on the moon.



      Moon

      Space tourism

      Space exploration

      50th anniversary of Moon landing

    MENAFN3107201901990000ID1098826990


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    NanShan B&B Hotel / Priestman Architects thumbnail

    NanShan B&B Hotel / Priestman Architects

    NanShan B&B Hotel / Priestman Architects

    NanShan B&B Hotel / Priestman Architects, © Luyi Photograph

    © Luyi Photograph


    distant view. Image © Luyi Photograph


    facade. Image © Luyi Photograph


    interior. Image © Luyi Photograph


    guest room. Image © Luyi Photograph






    + 45



    • Architects

    • Location

      Nanshan, Chongqing, China

    • Category

    • Architect in Charge

      Matthew Priestman

    • Project Architects

      Michele Julieana Vaz, Zhiruo Ma

    • Design Team

      Haosu Xie, Jingting Zengwu, Kuiyu Gong, Junye Zhou, Liyuan Zhou

    • Structure

      Qiang Long

    • Area

      600.0 m2

    • Project Year

      2019

    • Photographs


    distant view. Image © Luyi Photograph

    distant view. Image © Luyi Photograph


    entrance. Image © Luyi Photograph

    entrance. Image © Luyi Photograph

    Text description provided by the architects. A gentle recluse, this six bedroom lodge nestles in the cool wooded hills of NanShan high above the heat of busy Chongqing City. The project, initiated by a group of Chongqing residents, builds on the rising demand for casual ‘MingSu’ culture and ‘slow life’ which is expanding as counterpoint to the Chinese 24/7 work pattern in fast-growing cities.


    facade. Image © Luyi Photograph

    facade. Image © Luyi Photograph


    rain scene. Image © Luyi Photograph

    rain scene. Image © Luyi Photograph

    Accessed by a winding path, the site is on steep and fertile terrain typical of Chongqing with fine views of unspoilt hills and indigenous forest, and has tall trees, abundant bamboo and small fields. Working closely with this special site, we have kept and adapted an original adobe farm house, rebuilt a newer building behind, added platforms and re-landscaped to create relaxing indoor and outdoor spaces. There are sitting rooms, small dining rooms, six diverse bedrooms, majong and activity rooms designed for families, groups of friends, individuals or quiet work.


    site plan

    site plan


    terrace. Image © Luyi Photograph

    terrace. Image © Luyi Photograph

    Working with views of nature has been our starting point; each of the spaces have distinct framed views out of the building to trees and hills beyond. Here is the timeless human condition where we are both immersed in nature outside and safely sheltered within. This condition is so beautifully expressed in the lonely pavilion in landscape so often found in classical Chinese painting. And it is also a primary phenomenon in architecture, where the porous boundary of the building touches its context. In this project the careful placing of openings is made both from an external view point and whilst considering internal uses.


    interior. Image © Luyi Photograph

    interior. Image © Luyi Photograph


    terrace. Image © Luyi Photograph

    terrace. Image © Luyi Photograph


    terrace. Image © Luyi Photograph

    terrace. Image © Luyi Photograph

    How do we balance shared spaces, semi-private spaces of the dining rooms and platforms with the quiet privacy of bedrooms in limited (600sqm) internal floor areas? The direct solution of using separate external staircases gives sense of separation, whilst those spaces are still visually combined into a whole. The building is planned as two wings, each with platforms extending outwards and into trees and bamboo. Between them a natural water course is exaggerated as a planted wet landscape. Here deliberate moves articulate and enrich the plan with subtleties of division through simple means.


    activity area. Image © Luyi Photograph

    activity area. Image © Luyi Photograph

    Not least, our focus has been on the authenticity of the adobe farmhouse and questions on how to re-plan, insert new stabilising structures, and openings, repair the roof and otherwise make best use of the original – locally sourced – material of the walls which have so much character. The new building – conceived as a ‘carved’ modern setting for the farmhouse between it and the steep land outside the site – is simply painted blockwork. This passive approach for the new building emphasizes the adobe material, which is finally cleaned and sealed to bring out the lustrous, tactile and cultural qualities of this wonderful material.


    interior. Image © Luyi Photograph

    interior. Image © Luyi Photograph


    interior. Image © Luyi Photograph

    interior. Image © Luyi Photograph

    Contrasting space in the project – the natural, ancient farmhouse and modern architecture – is bound together through carefully balanced massing, similar proportion and material for doors and windows, internal connections between old and new, and a series of interconnected landscaped treatments.


    guest room. Image © Luyi Photograph

    guest room. Image © Luyi Photograph


    under the terrace. Image © Luyi Photograph

    under the terrace. Image © Luyi Photograph

    View the complete gallery

    Project location

    Location to be used only as a reference. It could indicate city/country but not exact address.

    Cite: “NanShan B&B Hotel / Priestman Architects” 19 Aug 2019. ArchDaily. Accessed .

    想阅读文章的中文版本吗?

    © Luyi Photograph

    南山别处民宿 / 重庆普林斯曼建筑设计事务所


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    Do tiny home owners actually live more sustainably? Now we know thumbnail

    Do tiny home owners actually live more sustainably? Now we know

    By Maria Saxton5 minute Read

    Interest is surging in tiny homes—livable dwelling units that typically measure under 400 square feet. Much of this interest is driven by media coverage that claims that living in tiny homes is good for the planet.

    It may seem intuitively obvious that downsizing to a tiny home would reduce one’s environmental impact, since it means occupying a much smaller space and consuming fewer resources. But little research has been done to actually measure how people’s environmental behaviors change when they make this drastic move.

    For my doctorate in environmental design and planning, I sought to fill this gap in knowledge by developing a study that could provide measurable evidence on how downsizing influences environmental impacts. First I surveyed 80 downsizers who had lived in tiny homes for a year or more, to calculate their ecological footprints in prior housing and current ecological footprints in their tiny houses. Then I conducted nine in-depth interviews to learn about behaviors that changed after downsizing.

    I found that among 80 tiny home downsizers located across the United States, ecological footprints were reduced by about 45% on average. Surprisingly, I found that downsizing can influence many parts of one’s lifestyle and reduce impacts on the environment in unexpected ways.

    The unsustainable U.S. housing model

    In recent decades, the building trend has been to “go big.” Newly constructed homes in the United States generally have a larger average square footage than in any other country in the world.

    In 1973, the average newly constructed U.S. home measured 1,660 square feet. By 2017, that average had increased to 2,631 square feet—a 63% increase. This growth has harmed the environment in many ways, including loss of green space, increased air pollution and energy consumption, and ecosystem fragmentation, which can reduce biodiversity.

    The concept of minimalist living has existed for centuries, but the modern tiny house movement became a trend only in the early 2000s, when one of the first tiny home building companies was founded. Tiny homes are an innovative housing approach that can reduce building material waste and excessive consumption. There is no universal definition for a tiny home, but they generally are small, efficient spaces that value quality over quantity.

    People choose to downsize to tiny homes for many reasons. They may include living a more environmentally friendly lifestyle, simplifying their lives and possessions, becoming more mobile, or achieving financial freedom, since tiny homes typically cost significantly less than the average American home.

    Affordable housing is a common obstacle for veterans. The people at Build Us Hope are coming up with tiny living solutions in AZ! ???? ???? ???? #tinyhouse #tinyhomes #tinyhouses #tinyhomemovement #smallstructures https://t.co/sHfePxnXVn

    — Tumbleweed (@tumbleweedhouse) March 20, 2019

    Many assessments of the tiny-house movement have asserted without quantitative evidence that individuals who downsize to tiny homes will have a significantly lower environmental impact. On the other hand, some reviews hint that tiny home living may lend itself to unsustainable practices.

    Understanding footprint changes after downsizing

    This study examined tiny home downsizers’ environmental impacts by measuring their individual ecological footprints. This metric calculates human demand on nature by providing a measurement of land needed to sustain current consumption behaviors.

    To do this, I calculated their spatial footprints in terms of global hectares, considering housing, transportation, food, goods, and services. For reference, one global hectare is equivalent to about 2.5 acres, or about the size of a single soccer field.

    I found that among 80 tiny home downsizers located across the United States, the average ecological footprint was 3.87 global hectares, or about 9.5 acres. This means that it would require 9.5 acres to support that person’s lifestyle for one year. Before moving into tiny homes, these respondents’ average footprint was 7.01 global hectares (17.3 acres). For comparison, the average American’s footprint is 8.4 global hectares, or 20.8 acres.

    My most interesting finding was that housing was not the only component of participants’ ecological footprints that changed. On average, every major component of downsizers’ lifestyles, including food, transportation, and consumption of goods and services, was positively influenced.

    As a whole, I found that after downsizing, people were more likely to eat less energy-intensive food products and adopt more environmentally conscious eating habits, such as eating more locally and growing more of their own food. Participants traveled less by car, motorcycle, bus, train, and airplane, and drove more fuel-efficient cars than they did before downsizing.

    They also purchased substantially fewer items, recycled more plastic and paper, and generated less trash. In sum, I found that downsizing was an important step toward reducing ecological footprints and encouraging pro-environmental behaviors.

    To take these findings a step farther, I was able to use footprint data to calculate how many resources could potentially be saved if a small portion of Americans downsized. I found that about 366 million acres of biologically productive land could be saved if just 10% of Americans downsized to a tiny home.

    [Image: courtesy of the author]

    Fine-tuning footprint analyses

    My research identified more than 100 behaviors that changed after downsizing to a tiny home. Approximately 86% had a positive impact, while the rest were negative.

    Some choices, such as harvesting rainwater, adopting a capsule wardrobe approach, and carpooling, reduced individual environmental impacts. Others could potentially expand people’s footprints—for example, traveling more and eating out more often.

    A handful of negative behaviors were not representative of all participants in the study but still are important to discuss. For instance, some participants drove longer distances after moving to rural areas where their tiny homes could be parked. Others ate out more often because they had smaller kitchens, or recycled less because they lacked space to store recyclables and had less access to curbside recycling services.

    It is important to identify these behaviors in order to understand potential negative implications of tiny home living and enable designers to address them. It is also important to note that some behaviors I recorded could have been influenced by factors other than downsizing to a tiny home. For instance, some people might have reduced their car travel because they had recently retired.

    Nonetheless, all participants in this study reduced their footprints by downsizing to tiny homes, even if they did not downsize for environmental reasons. This indicates that downsizing leads people to adopt behaviors that are better for the environment. These findings provide important insights for the sustainable housing industry and implications for future research on tiny homes.

    For instance, someone may be able to present this study to a planning commission office in their town to show how and why tiny homes are a sustainable housing approach. These results have the potential to also support tiny home builders and designers, people who want to create tiny home communities, and others trying to change zoning ordinances in their towns to support tiny homes. I hope this work will spur additional research that produces more affordable and sustainable housing choices for more Americans.


    Maria Saxton is a PhD Candidate in Environmental Planning and Design at Virginia Tech. This post originally appeared on The Conversation.

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    This tech company says offsets aren’t enough—it’s time to pay for negative emissions thumbnail

    This tech company says offsets aren’t enough—it’s time to pay for negative emissions

    Like many companies, the payment processing company Stripe is trying to eliminate its emissions. For the emissions it can’t find ways to mitigate, it buys carbon offsets to help reach its goal. But the company recently announced that it would take the more radical step to start also investing in negative emissions—like direct air capture plants that suck CO2 from the atmosphere so that it can be stored underground.

    “We were thinking, how could we and other companies have the most possible impact?” says Christian Anderson, head of merchant intelligence at Stripe. “And one area of increased impact that we saw was to look further down the technology learning curve at technologies that climate science tells us are likely to be very important.”

    For the world to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees or 2 degrees Celsius, every scenario from the UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change includes “negative emissions” as part of the solution. One recent report from an independent research group estimated that we’ll need to pull as much as 1,850 million metric tons of CO2 from the air each year to reach the widely accepted goal of net-zero emissions by midcentury; shifting to renewable energy and other approaches like reforestation aren’t enough on their own. Negative emissions tech exists but is in a nascent stage—and paying for a ton of CO2 from a direct air capture company can be 100 times more expensive than paying for a simple carbon offset from, say, a tree-planting project.

    Stripe will continue to buy carbon offsets, but now plans to begin paying for negative emissions at whatever price is necessary; it plans to spend at least twice as much on the program as it does on offsets, at a minimum commitment of $1 million. The money may go to any of a number of technologies in the space, such as enhanced weathering, a process that speeds up the natural process of carbon sequestration in rocks. For an industry like direct air capture, where new plants are in the earliest stages of operation, this type of commitment could make a material difference.

    “This is really essential right now because what is missing is a customer for early negative emissions projects. I think there’s good academic analysis that says, if you start building negative emissions projects, they will come down in costs,” says Noah Deich, executive director of Carbon180, a climate-focused nonprofit. “The collective action problem is everyone wants to wait until somebody else has built the first couple of projects, so the one that they buy is cheaper. What Stripe is doing is just saying, nope, we’re going to be a leader. We are going to potentially pay more on a dollar-per-ton basis for early projects. But we know that this is the way that technology costs come down in the future.” The same thing, he says, has happened for other critical technology such as solar power.

    The million-dollar commitment is significant, Deich says, but the biggest role that Stripe can play is convincing other companies to follow suit; Stripe says that it is already talking to others in the tech industry. “If they could pool the buying resources of companies that understand the importance of negative emissions in meeting climate goals, they could pool together tens if not hundreds of million of dollars per year and use that funding to really drive down the cost of the technology that can achieve negative emissions, much more quickly than they can do alone,” Deich says. “I think everybody would benefit from that.”

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    A Stone Age boat building site has been discovered underwater thumbnail

    A Stone Age boat building site has been discovered underwater

    A Stone Age boat building site has been discovered underwater
    Oblique view of the structure from the north showing eroding edge of the peat platform. Credit: National Oceanography Centre, Southampton

    The Maritime Archaeological Trust has discovered a new 8,000 year old structure next to what is believed to be the oldest boat building site in the world on the Isle of Wight.

    Director of the Maritime Archaeological Trust, Garry Momber, said “This new discovery is particularly importantas the wooden platform is part of a site that doubles the amount of worked wood found in the UKfrom a period that lasted 5,500 years.”

    The site lies east of Yarmouth, and the new platform is the most intact, wooden Middle Stone Age structure ever found in the UK. The site is now 11 meters below sea level and during the period there was human activity on the site, it was dry land with lush vegetation. Importantly, it was at a time before the North Sea was fully formed and the Isle of Wight was still connected to mainland Europe.

    The site was first discovered in 2005 and contains an arrangement of trimmed timbers that could be platforms, walkways or collapsed structures. However, these were difficult to interpret until the Maritime Archaeological Trust used state of the art photogrammetry techniques to record the remains. During the late spring the new structure was spotted eroding from within the drowned forest. The first task was to create a 3-D digital model of the landscape so it could be experienced by non-divers. It was then excavated by the Maritime Archaeological Trust during the summer and has revealed a cohesive platform consisting of split timbers, several layers thick, resting on horizontally laid round-wood foundations.

    Garry continued “The site contains a wealth of evidence for technological skills that were not thought to have been developed for a further couple of thousand years, such as advanced wood working. This site shows the value of marine archaeology for understanding the development of civilisation.

    Yet, being underwater, there are no regulations that can protect it. Therefore, it is down to our charity, with the help of our donors, to save it before it is lost forever.”

    A Stone Age boat building site has been discovered underwater
    3-D mosaic of structure during excavation. Credit: National Oceanography Centre, Southampton

    The Maritime Archaeological Trust is working with the National Oceanography Centre (NOC) to record and study, reconstruct and display the collection of timbers. Many of the wooden artefacts are being stored in the British Ocean Sediment Core Research facility (BOSCORF), operated by the National Oceanography Centre.

    As with sediment cores, ancient wood will degrademore quickly if it is not kept in a dark, wet and cold setting. While being kept cold, dark and wet, the aim is to remove salt from within wood cells of the timber, allowing it to be analysed andrecorded. This isimportant becausearchaeological information, such as cut marks or engravings, are most often found on the surface of the wood and are lost quickly when timber degrades.Once the timbers have been recorded and havedesalinated, the wood can be conserved for display.

    Dr. Suzanne Maclachlan, the curator at BOSCORF, said “It has been really exciting for us to assist the Trust’s work with such unique and historically important artefacts. This is a great example of how the BOSCORF repository is able to support the delivery of a wide range of marine science.”

    When diving on thesubmerged landscape Dan Snow, the history broadcaster and host of History Hit, one of the world’s biggest history podcasts, commented that he was both awestruck by the incredible remains and shocked by the rate of erosion.

    This material, coupled with advanced working skills and finely crafted tools suggests a European, Neolithic (New Stone Age) influence. The problem is that it is all being lost. As the Solent evolves, sections of the ancient land surface are being eroded by up to half a metre per year and the is disappearing.

    Research in 2019 was funded by the Scorpion Trust, the Butley Research Group, the Edward Fort Foundation and the Maritime Archaeology Trust. Work was conducted with the help of volunteers and many individuals who gave their time and often money, to ensure the material was recovered successfully.



    Citation:
    A Stone Age boat building site has been discovered underwater (2019, August 20)
    retrieved 20 August 2019
    from https://phys.org/news/2019-08-stone-age-boat-site-underwater.html

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    Material Handlers Follow in Clients' Footsteps - businessjournaldaily.com thumbnail

    Material Handlers Follow in Clients’ Footsteps – businessjournaldaily.com

    YOUNGSTOWN, Ohio – As long as companies in the five-county region are expanding and building, the material-handling businesses that supply them will follow closely behind.

    “There’s new buildings, existing ones that people are moving into. And that’s creating opportunities for us,” says Bill Petro, owner of Century-Fournier, Youngstown. “Thank goodness construction is good at this point because with GM Lordstown closing, that wasn’t fun. We used to do a lot of business with lower-tier suppliers to Lordstown that’s gone away now.”

    Much of the business of the company is focused on tools for loading docks, such as levellers, seals and trailer restraints, Petro says. Since most equipment sold and serviced by Century-Fournier is for industrial use, it tends to be long-lasting, he continues, so clients aren’t constantly replacing older products.

    “We’re supplying durable equipment. It’s not a consumable. It’s equipment and when someone has a crane or dock leveler, they don’t really need us after that unless they’re expanding or something needs to be repaired,” he says. “Business growing in the area does help us.”

    For businesses that are growing, investment in material-handling equipment can get pricey, says Carl Stitzel, president of Direct Forklift Co. and DEL Lift Rentals, Boardman. Over the 31-year history of Direct Forklift, he says, there have always been calls about renting equipment. But with increasing demand, DEL was launched as a sister company in 2017.

    “In the material-handling world, there’s a large cost factor in your initial investment and you’re speculating how often you’re going to use it,” he says. “If their sales slump or they want to try a new division or line, they don’t have to commit $50,000 to a piece of equipment just on the speculation that it’s going to work out. They can rent it on a monthly basis and if it doesn’t work out, they send it back.”

    Most rentals are for scissor lifts, Stitzel notes, though DEL also offers aerial lifts and forklifts. For the latter, some clients rent their entire fleet from DEL, as many as 15 vehicles, he says. In those cases, the company is removing maintenance for the machines from its list of responsibilities, which can help offset rental costs.

    “We stock a considerable amount of scissor lifts. It’s probably our most-popular thing being rented. Even though we’ve been in the forklift business 30-some years, scissors are our most popular,” he says. “What we’re seeing from the forklift side of the industry is that side is catching up to what people using scissor lifts have figured out already: that it’s better to rent.”

    Rentals also factor into the business of Melmor Associates Inc., Niles, says President Lee Johnson, albeit a small one.

    “The nature of what we do doesn’t always lend itself to rentals, but what we have done has been good for us, good for the customer,” he says. “If they have a short-term project, rather than capitalizing and making a big expenditure, they can rent. It’s done well for us.”

    Popular among Melmor’s offerings is equipment designed to reduce the strains of labor, such as self-dumping hoppers or lift tables that remove the need for workers to bend over to move products. For clients who see their businesses expanding, vertical storage is useful, Johnson adds.

    “Storage racks go up rather than out and your vertical space inside a building is cheaper than adding floor space,” he says.

    It’s those kinds of items, that people don’t realize fall into the category of material handling. Oftentimes, customers’ lists don’t get very far beyond the machinery offered.

    “Some people see material handling all the time and don’t realize they’re looking at it,” says Century Fornier’s Petro “It could be a conveyor routing packages. It could be a workstation that’s feeding parts to a storage area. It can be storage racks or pallets stacked to the sky.”

    In Vienna Township, Litco International Inc. specializes in those very pallets. The company manufactures engineered molded-wood pallets that eliminate the need for nails and staples, says vice president Gary Sharon. By the fourth quarter, he expects the company to complete an expansion to offer products made of extruded wood fiber.

    “Compression molding and extrusion molding use the same types of fiber that we currently process,” Sharon says. “The extruding lines will also enable us to make a variety of packaging and nonpackaging products. We are currently seeking prospective customers with needs for products and designs that would lend themselves to be produced on the extruding lines.”

    Storage solutions are also a popular line, he continues. With Litco’s products being “nestable,” as Sharon calls them, companies with limited space don’t have to clutter their shop floors with traditional pallets that have to be stacked one on top of the other.

    “Customers like them because our pallets take up less than half of the space as solid-wood, slat and nailed-wood pallets,” he says. “This market is growing steadily for Litco because of the design.”

    While each company occupies its own space within the material-handling industry, all report that business is doing well. 

    Both Direct Forklift and DEL Lift Rentals are “well in the double-digit range” for growth, Stitzel says.

    And while the industry as a whole has had its ups and downs over the past 20 years, Melmor’s Johnson says that his business today is going steady.

    “It’s been a roller-coaster ride since 9/11 but we’re doing OK,” he says. “Over the last couple of months, the tariffs have affected us a little, but I don’t know that it’s any more than the normal cyclical nature of business.”

    And at Litco, with most of its clientele using the Vienna company’s products to handle their own shipping – either domestically or internationally – business is stable as work continues the new manufacturing site.

    “Because of the number of customers we have, and the industry mix, our business tends to be relatively stable and predictable,” Sharon says. “As export conditions change, such as exchange rates and tariffs, we see an expansion and contraction in our sales.”

    File photo: Direct Forklift co-owners Carl Stitzel and Dave Braun.

    Copyright 2019 The Business Journal, Youngstown, Ohio.

    Published by The Business Journal, Youngstown, Ohio.

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    Introducing the New Nike JOYRIDE Technology thumbnail

    Introducing the New Nike JOYRIDE Technology

    Nike unveils its new technology for running: The Nike JOYRIDE. With a thousand of beads in the sole in four capsules, this new creation of the swoosh brand, allows a better recovery and relief of the muscles with each stride, for an effort which can then be more prolonged. The innovation of Nike, allows a better absorption of the impact when the foot is in contact with the ground.

    First designed for running athletes, the Nike JOYRIDE technology will be included in the Nike Joyride Run Flyknit and then declined on other models such as the Nike Joyride NSW, the Nike Joyride Setter (which we could discover during the parade Matthew Williams’ P20 ALYX at Paris Fashion Week), the Nike Joyride Optik, designed for women’s paces and the Nike Joyride Nova, designed specifically to meet the needs of young athletes. The Nike Joyride Run Flyknit is for Nike members as of July 25th and will be August 15th around the world.

    http://www.fubiz.net/

    We were able to interview Kylee Barton, Senior Director of Nike Running Footwear, who tells us a little more about the development and creation of Nike’s latest innovation.

    Fubiz : Since how long have you been involved in the design process of this innovation ?

    Kylee Barton: I have been involved in the design process since the very beginning, almost 10 years in the making to bring the JOYRIDE to life.

    http://www.fubiz.net/

    How many phases was the design process of Joyride composed of?

    We have done so many iterations of Joyride, tested so many variations. It tooks a year to land on the format what we have now, with 4 cavities built into the running product. We made tons of mistakes with the type of material that we put in the shoes, but it was not mistakes it was more about a learning. We tried a different material : harder and it didn’t work, bigger and it didn’t work neither. We tried filling them really full thinking that more beads is always better because you got more response….Actually it wasn’t, because you need air in the holes of the cavities to be able to compress the beads and provide that spring in the softness. So hundreds of iterations to get to this final place.

    Is Flyknit x Joyride the best combo ?

    We believe that for this design (the Flyknit), the way it wraps the foot and plays nicely off of the bottom really does provide this upper this unbelievably coussin soft underfoot.


    So we do believe that combination together makes a lot of sense for the runner.

    http://www.fubiz.net/

    What kind of creative iterations of Joyride we can expect ?

    We will have a sportswear version and a kids version that will come out. For after running.But running will be the only one that have the 4 cavities. Sportswear will be built differently and kids will be built differently as well and only has 2. Sportswear has 3. So it really important that we have 4 because it’s what provide the true performance under foot experience versus sportswear that is intended to be lifestyle.

    http://www.fubiz.net/




    Which category in Nike is the most challenging ? How and why running is so different?

    Every category has different challenges. I think running is difficult because there is a lot of pressure on the product because we are a running company. I think there are different types of difficulties. If you are in a really small category that maybe doesn’t get as many resources from the brand for innovation, budget to travel, talk to consumer… that point can be difficult because you have less money to work with.


    So for categories, I wouldn’t say that one is more difficult than the other, they are just really different.And the comparison from running to football is actually what I love about this. Things are not the same if you are working with the best athletes in the world at very high levels. So the performance of the product that we are building in those categories is industry changing.


    But I think one of the nuances is that football is a much smaller business, much smaller revenue, a different approach as a brand versus running that have to spread across so many categories and distribution points…people buy the shoes and they will never run on them.

    http://www.fubiz.net/

    Why choosing the recovery as the key features ?

    I think it did not started out with recovery, it started out with how you make it easier for the runner. As we unraveled that insight you realized that, for the week runner, making it easy meant recovery because they already know how to run. So it didn’t start out as make recovery shoes, it started out as just make something that make things easier for people to run. And then the recovery piece became the short point for all of the athletes to help them to recover quicker to get back in their training.

    http://www.fubiz.net/

    What is your opinion on the colors and size of Joyride beads ?

    We spent a lot of time on color and I feel great about this product because I think it provides this easy wearable colorway with very fun energetic colors. Actually it is both for man and women, which is why we launch with the unisex colors. Knowing the time of launching of the year, we wanted to bring something that felt useful and energetic… Something that when you look at that shoes, you just want to put it on. You’re like “there is something about that” and you just want to put on. We know that color can be one of the most important factor to buy a product and it can be a reason not to buy the shoe. We wanted to do something that is really easy and intuitive.

    http://www.fubiz.net/

    Did you change the colors and size of Joyride beads during the the design process?

    We tried so many different sizes and materials, many variations. They are all the same size now. The material used is thermoplastic elastomers which is a very kind of rubber like material which is what helps provide that spring.

    http://www.fubiz.net/

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