The underfloor heating is an option that is increasingly followers where every year the number of homes with this system, but are still several questions when installing. Many people wonder if the consumption is higher than the system with radiators if it can give problems in the long run, if it is expensive or cheap to install.
Today we are going to review the advantages and disadvantages of underfloor heating, and whether it should be installed or not depending on your home and the needs you may have.
What is the radiant floor?
It is as simple as a network of thin tubes that covers the entire floor of the house, under the tiles, the stage or the parquet. These tubes carry hot or cold water getting hot or cool the house, with a lot of advantages that we will see later.
The fact that it can be used to heat or cool the house is already an advantage because walking barefoot on the cool soil when it is hot is a joy. And we no longer talk about walking on the hot ground when it’s cold. That is why it is increasingly successful, because of the incredible feeling of comfort that can not be achieved in any other way.
Advantages and disadvantages
The floor heating as a heating option has great advantages and some disadvantages that you should know, here I leave the most important.
Advantages of underfloor heating
The heat is distributed evenly throughout the house. It does not happen as with radiators, which decreases the temperature as you move away.
The great sensation of comfort when noticing the hot ground without feeling cold for the body, since the warm air tends to rise.
The heat comes from below and you do not need such high temperatures to get the right thermal sensation.
It is the most efficient heating system because it does not need high temperatures to heat. The economic expense is much lower than the radiator system.
It does not occupy space and everything is hidden under the floor.
Disadvantages of underfloor heating
It is recommended in houses of new construction or in which the ground is being reformed since it must be lifted to install the pipes.
The installation cost is higher than the radiator system, although it is amortized due to lower gas or electricity costs.
It takes more time to heat the rooms, so it is advisable to always have it on.
Hybrid heating systems
In cold climates, it is advisable to enhance the radiant floor with boilers, solar thermal panels and heat pumps. The benefits of combining the radiant floor with other heating systems are so many that in countries such as Germany or France is the usual installation.
They reduce pollution by not relying on fossil fuels , such as gas to heat water or coal in electric heaters.
With the use of thermal solar panels and heat pumps by aerothermal, non-polluting renewable energies are used.
You can save both energy and economic expense.
So is it advisable to use underfloor heating? Yes, it is, because it spends less gas and electricity, it is more comfortable and cheaper.
In recent times more and more people are interested in decorating offices and workspaces. Creating a pleasant and welcoming environment is one of the keys for a business to develop optimally, as it is a place where we spend many hours a day.
In today’s article, we will see good practices to decorate the office, with more friendly spaces to increase productivity and improve workflow, designing a beautiful and pleasant environment.
What we offer you here are ideas, but ideas must be materialized. And for this, it is advisable to have advice on interior design and specialized interior design since professionals are the most prepared to recommend the best options for your space in particular.
However, in addition to requesting specialized help, it is also possible to analyze some decorating tricks that interior designers use to help us understand and satisfactorily modify the space.
Determine the division of the stay
Traditionally, the offices were divided into independent offices. With the passage of time, large windows were introduced that allowed to expand the field of vision. This trend continued to evolve until today when many offices lack physical barriers to delimit the spaces of their workers.
This is a way of working that helps to establish communication flows among the staff. A fact that undoubtedly benefits the company, since it allows to implement a feedback that helps improve the development of projects.
Location of work furniture
Once the way of dividing the spaces has been determined, it is important to pay attention to the means and materials with which the employees will work.
One possibility is to place a large table that serves as a desk for different people. It is also necessary to study with what elements they will count and try to leave enough space so that each worker can carry out their tasks comfortably.
Likewise, the chairs that will be used must be comfortable and comply with the occupational risk prevention regulations. In this regard, one of the latest trends in office seating is the use of pilates balls. These elements, in addition to helping to take care of the posture and body circulation of the users, can also be especially attractive for the decoration of the room.
Take care of the lighting
One of the maxims of decoration is to take advantage of natural light. Avoid locating furniture in front of the windows that may hinder the entry of sunlight. It is also necessary to incorporate points of artificial light that help to obtain the necessary amount of light.
Define a decorative style
From all these considerations, a stylistic line should be marked that creates the environment that we seek for the office. In this type of spaces, one of the most popular decorations is the industrial one. It is a style with an apparent informal air highly recommended for startups offices.
Another possibility can be a modern style in which designs with straight lines prevail. This is a type of decoration that provides great visual cleansing and, therefore, helps reduce the stress generated by overloaded spaces.
Whatever the decoration was chosen, it is important to keep in mind the regulations that regulate workspaces and thus avoid any possible problem.
In business management, the details make the difference. One of those “little things” is to allow each member of your team to decorate their space according to their tastes and options.
A study by the Exeter University of England indicates that allowing employees to participate in the design of their offices increases the feeling of well-being by 47%; creativity, 45% and productivity up to 38%.
One of the advice offered by the specialists is that the open offices, where there is little privacy, have not yielded results because the worker is easily distracted. The best thing is to develop cubicles or separate the spaces so that each collaborator has space and can decorate it to taste.
An office must have ventilation and natural lighting, this causes the body to increase the production of serotonin, a neurotransmitter substance that causes a sensation of well-being.
In your office, you should not miss the plants either. There are studies that indicate that decorating the office with plants improves the attention capacity and reduces the stress level of your work team.
Your collaborators can decorate their workspace with photographs of their relatives, friends or colleagues. In addition to trophies or awards that remind them that the company values them.
Decorating with accessories or details is not a problem until you reach an extreme. The workspace should not be impersonal, but neither should a cubicle or office be allowed to be recharged by so many objects that in the end, they become elements of distraction.
Another important aspect of the decoration is the comfort of the employees. This aspect, without doubt, improve productivity.
Try to make the furniture curved as they give more security to employees than furniture with very sharp angles that give a sense of danger.
The second frustrated attempt to form a government coalition in Sweden, this time led by the Social Democratic Party, has accentuated the political blockade in this Nordic country after the close general elections of a month and a half ago.
The Social Democratic leader and acting Prime Minister, Stefan Löfven, today returned the mandate given to the impossibility of finding support in the center forces, two weeks after the head of the Conservative Party, Ulf Kristersson, refused to continue probing other formations for lack of agreement.
“Right now I do not see any possibility of forming a government that can be tolerated by Parliament, everything is so blocked that we have not been able to make progress,” admitted Löfven after meeting with Parliament Speaker Andreas Norlen.
The leftist block of Löfven, whose party was the most voted, won 144 seats for 143 of the center-right Alliance and 62 of the xenophobic Democrats of Sweden (SD), with which no other political party wants to agree.
Norlén decided, after speaking separately with the leaders of the eight parliamentary forces, not to give a new mandate and instead adopt a “more active” role, inviting from tomorrow to group meetings the parties that make up the four coalitions that see possible, excluding the SD and the Left Party.
The options are: a concentration executive of the four parties of the Alliance, social democrats and ecologists; another center with these last two, liberal and centrist; the Alliance with the greens, and a government made up of some of the center-right parties.
Norlen, who did not reveal which of those options he saw as more viable, pretends to have a better image of the state of the political discussions, although he warned that there is “no guarantee” that this initiative will be “successful”.
“There will be a time when there will have to be a vote in the House, but first I want to continue the talks,” said Norlen, who considers it “reasonable” to give the parties time in the “more complicated” parliamentary situation in Sweden for decades.
Several political leaders had urged Norlen over the course of the day to take a more active role and a vote to elect a prime minister soon be held in Parliament.
Kristersson stressed that his priority option is an executive of the entire Alliance or some of his forces, a possibility that was rejected by liberal and centrist weeks ago, who do not want to depend on SD votes.
The extreme right-wing leader, Jimmie Åkesson, reiterated his willingness to give his votes to a government of Conservatives and Democrats -which would not reach an absolute majority either-, but “with guarantees”.
The option of a concentration executive in the German image was rejected again by Kristersson, while Löfven was more receptive today and did not want to exclude that possibility.
In the Swedish system it is not necessary to have an absolute majority in Parliament to be elected prime minister, it is enough not to have a majority against.
Norlen has four attempts to find a candidate capable of forming an Executive that is accepted by the House and, if it is not successful, new elections would be called in three months.
The Swedish electoral regulations do not include as such the figure of early elections, but they speak of extraordinary, since the ordinary legislative elections are invariably held every four years.
“My opinion is that some extraordinary elections are not current, but I do not rule out that in the end they are the only solution to a closed situation, as the last exit,” Norlen said.
Several polls released in the last week suggest that the left bloc would slightly improve its results in a new election, but without any clear majority, which would maintain the current situation of political blockade.
In the event that there was not yet a new government, it would be the acting executive of social democrats and ecologists who now leads Löfven in charge of submitting budgets before the deadline of November 15.
The British travel agency Thomas Cook announced Friday the transfer of 301 tourists staying in a hotel in Hurghada, Egypt, after the death of a couple of holidaymakers, whose cause is still unknown.
British-based travel company Thomas Cook organized the evacuation of 301 vacationers from the Steigenberger Aqua Magic hotel in Egypt after the death of a couple in their 60s on Tuesday (August 21st). “The circumstances of their death are not yet established. We also received information about an unusually high number of patients among the clients. As security is our primary concern, we have made the decision to evacuate all guests from this hotel, “the company said in a statement released on Thursday night.
John, 69, and Susan Cooper, 63, were on vacation in the seaside resort on the Red Sea. According to a source close to the survey, the man felt bad on the evening of Tuesday. He died at the hotel after a doctor was called, reports Reuters. His wife, who was rushed to the hospital, died shortly afterwards.
The causes of death are still unclear. The prosecution has summoned the couple’s daughter, Kelly Ormerod, who was with them during the stay, and will perform an autopsy of the woman to clarify the elements of the investigation. But, according to the girl, who confided in the 2BR radio station, the two in her 60s “had no health problems” before going on vacation. She thinks their death may be due to a faulty air conditioning system, as The Telegraph points out .
Local officials speak more of a natural cause. “The couple was old and many drugs were found in their room, including for stress and diabetes,” said Red Sea Governor Ahmad Abdallah told AFP. According to a statement from the Office of the Governor of the Red Sea Province, the two holidaymakers would have died of a heart attack.
A couple “very close”
John and Susan Cooper were from Burnley, Lancashire County, England. The woman worked for the travel agency.
A relative has described the couple as “very, very close” to the Telegraph . “John was very talkative, he always had a funny story to tell,” he told the British daily. Kelly Ormerod, their daughter, still remains “in shock”.
Why Canvas Prints Are Important in Interior Design Plan
How do professional designers achieve such seamless, perfect looks in the homes they create? You can do it too – you just need to learn the tricks of the trade. Here are 15 of the best. Tips provided by Parrot Print Canvas
1. Fill the holes
Want to make those walls look perfectly smooth and sleek? Check that the plaster is even, add more if necessary, and take the time to fill in small holes and crevices with Polyfilla – it makes a big difference to the final impression.
2. Tape it up
When you’re painting, use a light tape to cover the edge of the ceiling, cornicing, skirting boards or adjoining walls. This will prevent accidental smudges in the wrong places and create a much more professional look.
3. Use natural light
Think about when light will enter the room and from what direction. Pick colours that will make the most of it, and use mirrors and glass ornaments to scatter it around. Make sure it’s not blocked off by heavy curtains or furniture.
4. Work to a theme
Pick a set of two or three colours that work well together and structure your décor around them. You can do the same with simple patterns like stripes or pictorial elements like animals or flowers.
5. Control perspective with colour
Paint your ceiling one shade lighter than your walls to make a room look bigger. Remember that warm colours like reds make objects and walls seem closer, while cool ones like blues make them seem further away.
6. Absorb and reflect light
Use textures to make more of the light in your room. Heavy fabrics like velvet and wool absorb light and create a sense of cosiness, while silks and satins reflect light and make your room seem airier.
7. Draw focus with objects
A single striking object such as an antique bureau, an accent chair or a chandelier can dominate a room. Use such objects to create character, but never crowd them together.
8. Fix up your floors
Original floorboards are always a strong feature. If they’re in halfway decent condition, strip them, get them professionally sealed and then wax them once a year to create an amazing, organic feature.
9. Understand neutrals
Don’t assume you can use grey, white, cream, beige or taupe with just anything. These colours may be subtle but they’re not truly neutral. Often white reflects light too harshly, while brownish hues can clash with cool colours. Choose them carefully.
10. Warm it up with natural wood
Natural wood adds character and cosiness to any room. If the colour doesn’t work for you or you want to match different pieces of furniture, use wood stains that let the natural grain and variation of shade show through.
11. Cool it with metallics
Exposed steel pipes or worktops can bring a cool, classy character to kitchens and polished brass can look great in bathrooms. Use metallic paints for trimming, in alcoves or on small pieces of furniture to complement your dominant colours.
12. Lacquer, wax and polish
Adding a coating of lacquer to old furniture is surprisingly easy to do and can really bring it to life. Coloured waxes can restore scuffed areas and thorough polishing can help keep all your wooden items in prime condition.
13. Get creative with windows
Windows shouldn’t just be looked through – they should be seen. Don’t default to curtains without considering shutters or blinds. Don’t default to polyester when lush velvet or floaty voile could transform your room.
14. Learn to use patterns
Once you’ve got the hang of thinking of a room in terms of colours, take the next step and consider how patterns could fit it. Examine different patterns and see how lines and colours within them draw your eye in order to work out how to use them best.
15. Make classic styles work for you
Unless you’re going for a Bohemian look, don’t mix lots of different styles in one room, but consider combining two in order to create something uniquely yours. Alternatively, take a classic style and consider how it would suit different colours.
Getting to grips with these simple design tips can help you make your home look like a designer’s dream. Get creative and see what you can achieve.
The bloc decided to confirm the measures against energy sectors, defense and Russian banks imposed for the first time on July 31, 2014, after the downing of a Malaysian Airlines plane in eastern Ukraine
European leaders gave their approval at dawn on Friday to extend for six months the economic sanctions imposed on Russia for its role in the conflict in Ukraine, a decision that must be formally approved by the Council of the EU.
The 28 leaders held in Brussels “a very short discussion” on the matter “that will lead to prolonging for six other tables the sanctions” imposed for the first time in July 2014, a European official told AFP.
The bloc decided to impose these sanctions on energy sectors, defense and Russian banks for the first time on July 31, 2014, after the downing of a Malaysian Airlines plane in eastern Ukraine.
The 28 have subsequently expanded and, in mid-March 2015, decided to link their duration to the implementation of the Minsk agreements, which seek to end the conflict between forces loyal to Kiev and pro-Russian separatists in the east of the country.
In response, Moscow adopted retaliatory measures against European farmers.
The current prolongation expired at the end of July.
Economic sanctions are one of the aspects of the punitive measures decided by the EU to sanction Moscow’s role in the conflict in Ukraine, a country it seized in March 2014 from the Crimean peninsula, an annexation that the EU does not recognize and that It generates concern in Russia’s neighbors, such as the Baltic countries.
Financial institutions should inform their clients, as well as mitigate the risks of an exit from the United Kingdom of the EU without a compromise between the two.
The European Banking Authority (EBA) asked the financial institutions of the region to prepare for a Brexit, a UK exit from the European Union, without an agreement and without a transition period.
“Financial institutions should accelerate their preparations for a possible exit from the United Kingdom of the EU in March 2019, without a ratified withdrawal agreement,” the ABE said in a statement published on Monday on its official website.
He warned that although the United Kingdom and the European Union could reach a political agreement on a transition period for Brexit, it would have no legal effect until there is a Withdrawal Agreement, which is ratified by both parties.
“It is imperative that financial institutions in the European Union and the United Kingdom identify potential exposures and risks that may affect them, and the possible implications of the possible departure of the United Kingdom without a ratified Withdrawal Agreement,” said Andrea Enria, president of the EBA
In particular, financial institutions should take appropriate measures to mitigate the impact without depending on possible solutions from the public sector.
They must also identify and mitigate risks in accessing the infrastructure of the financial and financing markets. In addition to evaluating and taking the necessary measures to address any impact on the rights and obligations of their existing contracts, particularly derivative contracts.
Additionally, clearly communicate to your clients that they could be affected by this and inform their authorities about the actions they are taking.
The British government will soon publish a white paper detailing the objectives of the United Kingdom on the future relationship it wants with the European Union (EU), informed today the minister and negotiator of the “Brexit”, David Davis.
This white paper will explain in a “detailed, ambitious and precise” manner its position in the face of the UK’s link with the EU once it leaves the European bloc in 2019, the minister added.
Davis, in a statement to the media, called the document the “most significant” on the EU since the June 2016 referendum, in which the British voted in favor of the “Brexit.”
According to the British negotiator, this text will explain “what would change” after the withdrawal of the United Kingdom and will cover issues in customs, divergence on regulation and financial services, as well as the future security relationship with the 27.
The text can be released before the European summit to be held in Brussels between June 28 and 29, according to the media.
The preparation of this document is known after the British Prime Minister, Theresa May, yesterday held a meeting with prominent members of her government to evaluate the different customs options in order to solve the problem that the border between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland, since the objective is to remain invisible.
May has divided the ministers of his Government into two groups so that each one evaluates the possible customs relationship with the EU.
In one are the ministers who prefer a model of “customs association”, by which the United Kingdom would collect tariffs on behalf of the EU on the goods arrived at their ports but destined to the 27, thus avoiding new checkpoints at the border British-European
In the other, there are those who prefer “maximum facilitation”, which would make it possible to resort to the latest technology to minimize the need for physical border controls after “Brexit”.
According to the media, May has established these two groups before the impossibility for everyone to agree on the customs relationship that the United Kingdom wants to raise with Brussels in the negotiations on the “Brexit”.
Elsa Punset, the writer who found in philosophy the keys to happiness: “Negative emotions make us less intelligent”
The graduate in Philosophy and Letters and writer of bestsellers was established as a reference author in the area of emotional and social intelligence in the Spanish-speaking world. Through the analysis of the legacies of the most notable ancient Greek and Chinese philosophers, the guru of happiness selected the best tools to achieve the long-awaited welfare state
Born in the city of London, but raised in Haiti, the United States and Madrid, perhaps the somewhat nomadic life of Elsa Punset has given her a character that allows her to put distance to the context, and to de-dramatize life.
Today she is considered a guru of happiness, a title that emerges from her restless career and career, and whose keys she found after a thorough search for the thoughts of ancient and contemporary philosophers from around the world.
She is the daughter of the famous Spanish writer, economist and scientific disseminator Eduard Punset. He studied Philosophy and Letters at the University of Oxford and has a master’s degree in Humanities, Journalism and Secondary Education. He also directs the Laboratory of Social and Emotional Learning, from which he promotes workshops and projects related to emotional intelligence for adults and children.
The books of his authorship include Radical Innocence, Compass for Emotional Navigators and A Backpack for the Universe. The latter became a best seller with more than 150,000 copies and 14 editions in Japan, Mexico, Italy, Turkey and Greece among others.
His areas of interest are focused on the application of emotional intelligence, decision making and learning processes in adults and children. Since 2015, he began the publication of a collection of illustrated stories, aimed at a child audience that helps children understand and control their emotions through their adventures.
A legacy of ancient Greek and Chinese philosophers
Through a legacy of ancient Greek and Chinese philosophers, poets and scientists, the writer brings in her tools with high doses of pragmatism, routines, gestures, intuitions, and clues to approach the ideal of happiness day by day.
“Philosophers understood philosophy as a way of life and wanted to find tools so that people could practice daily self – help, not only for themselves but also to relate to and get along with others” in his book Felices.
From the wisdom of the Stoics rescues the ability to remain calm and be reasonably happy in difficult situations and explains that a good part of human suffering is due to trying to exert control over the elements that can not be controlled such as work, economy and the future.
“Happiness is not a biological luxury, nor an egoism, nor a whim as has been thought, but it has a direct impact not only on emotional well-being and mental health but on physical health, memory, longevity, creativity, and the intellectual quotient, ” explained the writer in a dialogue.
A generation of multiple challenges
For Punset, the human being is presented with multiple opportunities today, but the speed in which he lives is a double-edged sword: although it allows access to information as never before, the lives of human beings are more unstable than ever. The human being finds himself in a daily war between opening himself to the world of information and not doing it to protect himself from the invasion of information.
“The work, the couple, the place where we live, all of this is inconstant and the human brain hates uncertainty, which is why it is a very exciting moment to live, but one that causes a lot of stress,” Punset said.
According to the happiness guru, it has been observed for decades that the speed with which increases the welfare or the ability to be happy, is not equivalent to the speed with which the material facilities offered by consumerism do.
In turn, if we talk about social networks, a medium of great impact in a society that has managed to transform the forms of communication, this phenomenon in which the human being is immersed has its positive and negative side. “You never get away from anything, everything is so close that it costs a lot to take distance and not be overwhelmed, ” he said.
Emotions are contagious like a virus
For the expert, social networks break the capacity of physical connection with the other. “Anonymity and remoteness allow people to attack and not feel affected by the other’s reaction, we are endowed with empathy and feel emotions physically, unless we are psychopaths,” he said.
Most people believe that changing jobs, country or environment will flee from toxic or negative people. The problem for Punset is that wherever they go they will be reunited because this is how humanity works, which is a great emotional ecosystem and there is “everything everywhere”.
“It is smarter to learn to manage those who harm you, to set limits, to learn to say no, not to carry the problems of others, to flee,” he said.
In his book, he proposes a small protocol to face the anger of the other, learn to manage and express the negative emotions of which we are inevitably surrounded.
The emotional kidnapping of anger
The anger is, after the fear, one of the main emotions of a brain programmed to survive. Although it has a very bad reputation, it is neither negative nor positive. Like the rest of the emotions, it is useful or harmful when defending something important; it is “the germ of social justice”. “Anger causes a very strong emotional reaction in the human brain to want to attack or flee, negative emotions make us less intelligent and less creative,” he explained.
Humans are a kind of chemical and electric volcano, which needs to express emotions and not repress them. “If they want to give themselves the luxury of living emotions one hundred percent have the responsibility to learn to manage them,” he said.
A brain programmed to survive: Teflon for the positive, velcro for the negative
The human brain is programmed to seek pleasure for survival, not pleasure itself, and, above all, enjoy food and sex.
Learning to give up something temporarily, although it is not necessary to do so, is the key to prove that you do not need it as much as you think and to fight against the habituation process of the human brain, that you get used to pleasant things and in the end you stop enjoying them as at first.
The Stoics were in favor of being unaccustomed to small pleasures and then returning to focus on the positive and enjoy it more: living in the present, not living in the crazy brain that is always in the past and in the future.
” Children, ” he explained, “have a brain that is much more prepared to enjoy the present because it is not physiologically developed, they smile an average of hundreds of times a day and adults average between 17 and 20 times a day.”
Small revolutions in the world in search of happiness
In Australia, the aboriginal walkabout tradition is about a journey of discovery. When adolescence arrives, the Australian aborigines must go through a hard and essential rite of passage that requires them to live alone in the desert for about six months. Lonely time allows them to find themselves.
In the United States, celebrating Thanksgiving every fourth Thursday in November is a tradition that goes back to the year 1620. Cultivating a grateful attitude towards life has multiple benefits: greater happiness, greater self-esteem, and better social relationships. Celebrating and training the capacity for gratitude expresses appreciation for what one has, rather than emphasizing what one does not.
In Thailand, the Loy Krathong festival teaches to let go of negative emotions, through a ritual where thousands of paper liners rise to the sky symbolizing an invitation to let go of worries, renunciation and overcoming all resentments, bad humor and weak points of each, in order to start a new life without them.
“When I speak of happiness, I do not say that life is easy, among the enormous losses that the human being faces, the first is the fear of his own life that ends.” We lose loved ones, opportunities, and jobs and what more it helps us to overcome it is the affection of others and even then we cannot avoid long duels and wounds, “warned Punset.
Very often the human being faces great losses and nevertheless what really causes him unhappiness in a sustained way is his way of managing the small negative emotions. “The great misfortunes cannot be avoided, they are uncontrollable and once they arrive we have a very powerful psychological immune system to face them”, he concluded.